https://movingon.blog.gov.uk/2019/01/14/make-sure-you-manage-your-old-tyres/

Make sure you manage your old tyres

In November we released an update to the Guide to Maintaining Roadworthiness. One of the updates in the new guide was about the use of tyres over 10 years old.

Since then, we’ve received a few questions on what is expected of operators who use older tyres on their vehicles and trailers.

I thought I’d write this blog to clear up exactly what’s expected of you and to answer some of these questions.

The guidance

The first thing to clear up is that our guidance doesn’t ban tyres of a specific age. It only says that operators should have an adequate tyre management system in place and consider the risks associated with the use of older tyres.

The main factors to consider are speed, axle weight, journey distance, and the position of the tyre on the vehicle. These all influence how much stress the tyre is exposed to and the effect tyre failure may have on control of the vehicle.

Obviously, any tyre failure is a concern for road safety. It could cause a crash, there could be delays because of a broken down vehicle, and shredded tyre remnants could pose a danger to other road users.

Old tyres on historic vehicles

We’ve had lots of questions from people who own historic vehicles that are only driven to shows and events. They wanted to know if they needed to change their older tyres.

First off, you should get all tyres of all ages regularly inspected by a competent person. This should be part of your tyre management and vehicle maintenance system.

Even if an older tyre appears safe, you’ll need to assess and manage any risks associated with its use. A short journey at a low speed when the vehicle is lightly loaded poses different risks to those involving long journeys, high-speed journeys, or use while the vehicle is laden.

Department for Transport guidance states that you should not use older tyres on a front axle. An older tyre could still be used on the rear axle as part of a twin wheel fitment, though.

Old tyres on 3-axle trailers

Whether it’s safe to use older tyres on a three axle-trailer as part of a single-wheel fitment depends on how you’re using trailer and managing the tyres.

Having 3 axles and 6 wheels does reduce the risk of trailer instability and loss of control if a single tyre fails. But using older tyres at high speed and fully loaded potentially increases the risk of tyre failure.

In short, it again depends on how you’re using the tyres. That means your tyre management risk assessment should consider how you use the trailer and how often you inspect your tyres.

Trailers used at slower speed or lower weight will reduce the risk. So you can still use old tyres on a single wheel fitment as long as you have good tyre management systems in place.

Reporting to the Traffic Commissioner

Some of you have asked if we’ll report you to the Traffic Commissioner if we catch you with a tyre more than 10 years old.

If we find an operator with a tyre more than 10 years old, we’ll follow up to remind them of the guidance. We’ll also ask for assurance that they’ve done a risk assessment for their vehicle, taking how it’s used into account.

We won’t take any further action if the operator shows they’re maintaining their vehicles well and have controls to reduce the risk of tyre failure.

If they can’t show us that they’re managing their tyres and reducing risk, we would consider referring them to the Traffic Commissioner.

Why we’ve issued this guidance

Following a coach crash in 2013, concerns have been raised that older tyres are more likely to fail catastrophically than younger tyres.

As a result, the Department for Transport (DfT) is currently researching the effect of age on tyre integrity. We expect the results of this research later this year.

The DfT decided to introduce this guidance on the user of older tyres as a precaution while the research is still ongoing.

Once the results have been received and reviewed, we may reconsider or refine our approach to older tyres. Keep your eyes peeled for updates in this area.

To sum up

There isn’t a ban on older tyres and you don’t necessarily need to stop using them. It all depends on how you’re using the tyres and how you manage any risks they might pose.

You should have a comprehensive tyre management plan in place that includes the identification of a tyre’s age.

You should not use older tyres on the steering axle of a motor vehicle. If you choose to do this, you must thoroughly assess the risks.

Ultimately, you are responsible for the safe operation of your vehicle.

As ever, we’re keen to hear what you think. Please leave comments below with any questions or anything else you’d like clarified.

14 comments

  1. Comment by Stephen Michael Davies posted on

    It is a good idea to have a regular inspection for older tyres if it is combined with normal checks for cuts,bulges and foreign objects caught up in and between tyres.I find it unusual that the minimum tread depth is still 1mm considering the weight and stresses these tyres go through.

    Reply
  2. Comment by roy posted on

    The DVSA know that not all operators or even manufacturer's main dealers have roller brake testers. Much as they would like to have an RBT report carried out with every driver's daily walk around check, they know that to be as impossible as demanding an RBT with every six week PMI. Many vehicles only carry anything approaching 65% of axle weight when presented for MOT because the operator just doesn't have access to anything heavy enough to put on the vehicle. This demand for ever more frequent loaded RBT prints out does not square with ULTAST acceptability nor with on board electronic brake data transmission being automatically acceptable regardless of what weight is carried. Two RBTs + MOT per annum and Tapley prints out for every 6 week PMI should be sufficient.

    Reply
  3. Comment by steve w posted on

    I have just restored a rover p4 that had stood in a factory in the dry and warm since 1993 I removed the tyres that looked ok to check the condition and when deflated all had deteiorated to the point of being unusable,I think that all tyres that have stood unused for a length of time should be dismounted and checked properly ,this is where the 40 year old vehicle mot exemption falls down, I think that if an exempt vehicle changes keeper it should be tested as part of the change of ownership to stop anyone being fitted up with an unroadworthy motor.

    Reply
  4. Comment by Jon posted on

    Sounds like another grey area to join the endless list,,, as a quailified mechanic and engineer I cannot see any issue with a 10 yr old tyre as long as its is inspected and legal,,, and you cannot tell me a 10 yr old Goodyear/Bridgestone or any good brand in good condition is any worse than a new cheap chinese tyre,, touch wood we have never had tyre issues on the road and we always take tyre pressures on our inspections and monitor betwen inspections,, I know we have tyres that are ten yr old but I am not about to go buying new tyres when these are still legal and perfectly safe,,, but try debating this at the road side with a VOSA man.....oh by the way how does this effect fleets that have recapped tyres !!!!!

    Reply
  5. Comment by Paul posted on

    Er, a coach crash in 2013? This must have been really urgent action on DFT & DVSAs part. Well done.

    Reply
  6. Comment by Michael dunlop posted on

    That was super useful. Please can you do an equally well written article on brake test requirements at PMI? Your guidance in the Guide to Roadworthiness is still a bit wishy-washy especially compared to the pretty robust standards that VE's and TC's expect leaving the door open to different interpretations by maintenance providers and/or operators.

    Reply
  7. Comment by Glen Anderson posted on

    I welcome this clarification. There is a world of difference between an unladen classic vehicle, being driven within its limits, over a short distance, by an owner who is well aware of the age and condition of their tyres and a fully-freighted vehicle in commercial use, being driven by someone blissfully unaware of the state of them (or worse, a fully aware cowboy). Provided there exists a sensible way of policing the difference between these two extremes, I don’t think anybody can have any issue with an attempt to improve safety.

    Reply
  8. Comment by James Wood posted on

    Thank you for the update, things are much clearer now, lots of operators inc. owners of lightly used vehicles including ourselves were beginning to worry.

    Reply
  9. Comment by Edward Roberts posted on

    I run a small fleet of articulated vehicles (4) involved in motorsport. Average annual mileage per vehicle is less than 5000. One truck the older one will be fitted with new tyres as they are 13 years old. The other trucks were fitted with new Pirelli tyres in 2008, wear is minimal. maximum gross weight is 22 tons. Vehicles are kept under cover during winter months.
    Vehicles have inspections every 10 weeks that includes tyre examination.
    Do I need to replace all of the tyres on these 3 vehicles?

    Reply
    • Replies to Edward Roberts>

      Comment by Chris (DVSA) posted on

      Hi Edward,

      From what you've written it sounds like you have a maintenance system in place, which includes a tyre examination every 10 weeks. As we've said, you'll need to assess the risks of using the older tyres, particularly on the front axle steered wheels.

      The assessment should consider the axle load compared to the maximum allowed, the vehicle speed and journey length. If the axle load is close to the maximum and the vehicle travels at 56mph we'd strongly recommend that old tyres should not be used on the front axle.

      Thanks,

      Chris

      Reply
  10. Comment by JOHN HARRIS posted on

    Having been the innocent part to a very bad accident anything that can
    reduce or stop someone else going through what i did has got to be a bonus to ALL road users, well done, keep the info flowing

    Reply
  11. Comment by Robin McBride posted on

    I'm glad this advice has come out as information given in T. E. was hinting at a ban on tyres over 10 Years old.

    Reply
  12. Comment by Mark Stacey posted on

    Thank you for the update it’s always good to rate and make sure that we all know what we are doing and where it affects the safety of our vehicles is in Perative that we keep up with all regulations

    As a new operator to most operators out there I have learnt a lot by reading the roadworthiness guidelines

    Thanks

    Shy Coaches

    Reply

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